Sculpture fragments of friezes from steps leading to the dome of the stupa, and other pieces, Jamal-Garhi.
Photographer: Craddock, James
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph taken by James Craddock in the 1880s, showing sculpture fragments of friezes from steps leading to the dome of the stupa and other pieces, Jamal-Garhi. These lengths of frieze represent Jataka scenes, stories from the former lives of Buddha and would have been used to decorate a stupa. The 'other pieces' comprise decorative parts of the stupa such as winged figures from the base and a section of cornice. A stupa is a hemispherical monument which would have formed the focus of worship at Buddhist religious sites such as Jamal-Garhi. Jamal-Garhi was a Buddhist monastery located in the Peshawar district of northern Pakistan. From the first until the fifth century AD, Buddhism flourished in the Peshawar district which was known as Gandhara at that time. The city of Peshawar was the winter capital of a large empire and the monasteries in the area around the city attracted Buddhists from all over South Asia. The district was also home to a large number of skilled craftsmen who produced high quality sculptures in what can be broadly termed a Gandharan style. This style developed in the region from the first century onwards and bears affinities with Graeco-Roman sculpture. In this photograph the draped clothes and naturalistic modelling of the figure's bodies betray this influence.