Southern Ridge and Vallabhai Tuk, Satrunjaya
Photographer: Cousens, Henry
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the southern ridge and Vallabhai Tuk, Satrunjaya taken by Henry Cousens in the 1880s-90s. Satrunjaya is an ancient Jain place of pilgrimage where it is believed that Pundarika, the main disciple of the first Jain Tirthankara Adinatha, obtained enlightenment. On the two summits of the hill, which rise 600 m above the plain around the town of Palitana, there are many hundreds of multi-spired temples. Everyday pilgrims come to pay reverence to a variety of Jain saints. The sanctuaries are grouped in fortified enclosures or tuks, named after their founders. The Vimalavasi Tuk, in the background of this photograph, occupies most of the south ridge and consists of two streets of temples leading to the Adishvara Temple at the summit. The complex in the foreground is the Vallabhai Tuk.