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Shahnajaf Mosque, [Lucknow].

Shahnajaf Mosque, [Lucknow].

Photographer: Unknown

Medium: Photographic print

Date: 1880

Shelfmark: Photo 50/2(119)

Item number: 502119

Genre: Photograph

Photograph of the Shah Najaf Imambara at Lucknow in Uttar Pradesh, taken by an unknown photographer in the 1880s, part of the Bellew Collection of Architectural Views. Lucknow on the Gomti river first attained prominence in the 15th century under the Sharqi sultans of Jaunpur. Later it was ruled by Mughal governors. By the 17th century it was a prosperous commercial centre, and continued to flourish from 1775-1856 as the capital of the independent Nawabs of Avadh (originally governors under the Mughals). The nawabs were great builders and patrons of the arts and attracted a variety of talent to their service which helped develop the city's culture. The Shah Najaf mausoleum is named after the site in Iraq which contains the tomb of Hazrat Ali, the Shia saint. It was the scene of much fighting during the Indian Uprising of 1857. Buried here are the Nawab Ghaziuddin Haider (ruled 1814-27)and his wives.

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