Sealkote gate of Goojranwala city
Medium: Photographic print
Stereoscopic photograph of the Sialkot Gate at Gujranwala in the Punjab, Pakistan, from the Brandreth Collection: 'Views in Simla, Cashmere and the Punjaub'taken by an unknown photographer in 1869. Gujranwala is an important city for Sikhs as it was the home of Maharaja Ranjit Singh's father (Mahan Singh) and grandfather as well as Ranjit's birthplace, although he made his capital at nearby Lahore. Ranjit, known as the 'Lion of the Punjab', founded the Sikh empire in 1792 and was one of the most celebrated rulers in India.
Stereoscopic cameras, one with two lenses which took two photographs at the same time, were introduced in the mid 19th Century and revolutionised photography. They cut down exposure time and thus allowed for some movement in the image without blurring as subjects were not required to sit for long periods to produce a sharp image. The resultant prints were viewed through a special binocular viewer which produced a 3D effect.