Photograph from an album of 40 albumen prints by Edmund David Lyon. View inside the mandapam of the Subrahmanya temple at Tirupparankundram near Madurai. One of the 6 chief abodes of the god of war Muruga (Subrahmanya, Skanda, Kartikkeya) in Tamil Nadu, the original cave temple dates from the 8th century, while it was added to particularly in the Nayaka period in the 17th century. Here Muruga was married to Deivayanai (Devyani), the daughter of Indra, King of the Gods. Lyon's 'Notes to Accompany a Series of Photographs Prepared to Illustrate the Ancient Architecture of Southern India' (Marion & Co., London, 1870), edited by James Fergusson, gives the following description of this photograph which 'represents the interior of the Porch.... It is 114 feet long, 96 feet wide, and 16 feet high. It contains ninety-four pillars, all sculptured into different figures, among which will be found those of Manganual [Mangammal] and her grandson. This portico is said to have been built by the former about the year 1700, and in so far as the details of the architecture can be seen through the repeated coats of whitewash, they justify this date to the fullest extent'.