Side gallery Inder-sabha cave (from above] [Ellora]
Photographer: Dayal, Deen
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the side gallery in Indra Sabha Cave at Ellora, from the Curzon Collection: 'Views of Caves of Ellora and Dowlatabad Fort in H.H. the Nizam's Dominions' taken by Deen Dayal in the1890s.The spectacular site of Ellora, in Maharashtra, is famous for its series of Hindu, Buddhist and Jain cave temples excavated into the rocky façade of a cliff of basalt. The works were done under the patronage of the Kalachuri, the Chalukya and the Rashtrakuta dynasties between the sixth and the ninth centuries. Indra Sabha is the largest of the Jain series and was excavated in the ninth century under Rashtrakuta patronage. A simple gateway leads to a courtyard in which there is a monolithic shrine with a pyramidal roof. The cave is double-storeyed and is excavated in the rear of the courtyard. The exterior is decorated with carved lions and elephants friezes and figures of Tirthankaras. The interior of the cave has a columned mandapa or hall with niches on the three sides and the sanctuary in the middle of the back wall. Carved figures of the Jain Tirthankharas decorate the walls. The columns have elaborate foliate and garland motifs on their shafts.