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Street scene, Khatmandu 430527

Street scene, Khatmandu 430527

Photographer: Herzog and Higgins

Medium: Photographic print

Date: 1901

Shelfmark: Photo 430/52(7)

Item number: 430527

Genre: Photograph

Photograph from an album of 30 prints credited to Herzog and Higgins, taken in ca. 1901 and part of the Curzon Collection. The Malla period of Nepal's history is named after the Malla kings who appeared in the 13th century and subdued the various feuding chiefs of the Kathmandu Valley and unified it. Their kingdom was eventually divided into three separate parts ruled from the three cities of Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur. Competing with one another for cultural supremacy, the Malla rulers embellished their cities with palaces, temples, pagodas, sculpture and spacious quadrangles. Kathmandu, on the Bagmati river, is now the capital and largest city of Nepal. In the Malla period it derived most of its riches from its strategic situation on the trans-Himalayan trade route. In mediaeval times the city was known as Kantipur, 'beautiful city' or 'city of light'. It derived the name 'Kathmandu' from a twelfth century wooden building at its heart called the Kasthamandap or Hall of Wood .

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