Street scene, Khatmandu 430527
Photographer: Herzog and Higgins
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph from an album of 30 prints credited to Herzog and Higgins, taken in ca. 1901 and part of the Curzon Collection. The Malla period of Nepal's history is named after the Malla kings who appeared in the 13th century and subdued the various feuding chiefs of the Kathmandu Valley and unified it. Their kingdom was eventually divided into three separate parts ruled from the three cities of Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur. Competing with one another for cultural supremacy, the Malla rulers embellished their cities with palaces, temples, pagodas, sculpture and spacious quadrangles. Kathmandu, on the Bagmati river, is now the capital and largest city of Nepal. In the Malla period it derived most of its riches from its strategic situation on the trans-Himalayan trade route. In mediaeval times the city was known as Kantipur, 'beautiful city' or 'city of light'. It derived the name 'Kathmandu' from a twelfth century wooden building at its heart called the Kasthamandap or Hall of Wood .