Street scene, Khatmandu 430529
Photographer: Herzog and Higgins
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph from an album of 30 prints credited to Herzog and Higgins, taken in ca. 1901 and part of the Curzon Collection. Kathmandu, the biggest city in Nepal, is the capital of the country. This is a view in Maru Tol, a street on the edge of Kathmandu's Durbar Square, showing the Ashoka Vinayak shrine. The elephant-headed Ganesh, the god of wealth and the 'remover of obstacles', is a very popular deity in the Kathmandu Valley. The temple is also known as the Maru Vinayak or the Kathmandu Ganesh. Kathmandu was one of three city-kingdoms in the Valley, together with Patan and Bhaktapur, each organised and rebuilt by successive rulers of the Malla dynasty from the 15th century onwards, around a Durbar Square containing Palace and Temple complexes. In 1769, when the Gurkhas under their leader Prithvi Narayan Shah conquered the Valley, they chose Kathmandu as their capital.