Sulay Pagoda, Rangoon
Photographer: Klier, Philip Adolphe (c.1845-1911)
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph taken by Philip Adolphe Klier in the the 1890s showing the Sule Pagoda at the heart of Rangoon (Yangon), Burma (Myanmar). The pagoda stands at the crossing of Mahabandula Street, one of Rangoon's main thoroughfares, and Sule Pagoda Road. When the city was rebuilt by the British in the mid-19th century, its broad tree-lined streets were laid out in a geometrical grid pattern around the pagoda, establishing it as the centre of Rangoon and a milestone from which all addresses to the north were measured. This view is taken from Fytche Square, now Mahabandula Garden. The 48-metre tall gilded stupa or zedi is unusual in that its octagonal shape continues right up to the bell and inverted bowl below the spire. Although reputed to be 2000 years old, its origins are unknown; its Mon name, Kyaik Athok, translates as 'Stupa of the Sacred Hair Relic'.