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The Tank and Rock Fort at Trichinopoly.

The Tank and Rock Fort at Trichinopoly.

Photographer: Unknown

Medium: Photographic print

Date: 1860

Shelfmark: Photo 27/(40)

Item number: 2740

Genre: Photograph

Photograph of the Tank and Rock Fort at Trichinopoly, from an Album of Miscellaneous views in India, 1860s. Tiruchirapalli is situated on the River Kaveri in Tamil Nadu. The town has been a stronghold of various ruling dynasties-Pallavas, Cholas, Nayakas and later occupied by the British. The town is dominated by the Rock Fort, a massive sand-coloured rock which towers to a height of over 80 metres. The Pallavas were the first to exploit the rock, building temples into its side, but it was the Nayakas of Madurai who realised the site's potential as a fort adding only a few walls and bastions as fortifications in the 17th century. They firmly established Tiruchirapalli as an important trading city. At the summit of the Rock is a recent Ganesh temple, and a Shiva sanctuary further below. This is a view looking eastwards across the tank towards the rock fort.

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