The rock-cut monolithic temple of Vattuvan Kovil at Kalugumalai.
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the Vattuvan Kovil at Kalugumalai, from theAlbum of Miscellaneous views in India, 1860s. This free-standing rock-cut temple with a richly-carved dome, although unfinished, is an outstanding example of South Indian architecture from the Pandyan era. It is reminiscent of the rathas at Mahabalipuram and has been therefore dated to about the seventh century. The Pandyas were an early South Indian dynasty who were known to the ancient Greeks and Romans.