Temple at Mamallapuram, looking towards the sea.
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of a modern temple in the village at Mamallapuram, from an Album of Miscellaneous views in India, 1860s. Mamallapuram, a tiny village south of Madras, was a flourishing port of the Pallava dynasty during the 7th-8th centuries. The site is famous for an early group of monolithic temples, known as the 'Pancha Ratha' and some monolithic sculptures assigned to the 7th century reign of Narasimhavarman Mahamalla (r. c.630-668). Along a granite hill are some rock-cut caves and the celebrated sculptured rock depicting Arjuna's penance. This view shows a more recent temple in the village with two pyramidal gopuras.