Tin Thal Façade [BuddhistCave XII, Ellora]
Photographer: Cousens, Henry
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the façade of the cave temple Tin Thal, Cave XII at Ellora in Maharashtra, from the right. Although unsigned, the photograph is almost certainly taken by Henry Cousens in the 1870s. The spectacular site of Ellora has a series of Hindu, Buddhist and Jain cave temples excavated into the rocky façade of a cliff of basalt. The works were carried out under the patronage of the Kalachuri, the Chalukya and the Rashtrakuta dynasties between the 6th and 9th centuries. Tin Thal is a Buddhist excavation which probably dates from the 7th century. It consists of a broad forecourt with three superimposed halls extending deep into the cliff. The pillars are square and have simple brackets capitals. The halls were used for congregational purposes; each sanctuary has a seated Buddha with Bodhisattva attendants.