The Taj, Agra, centre.
Photographer: Tytler, Robert and Harriet
Medium: Photographic print
Part of a portfolio of photographs taken in 1858 by Major Robert Christopher Tytler and his wife, Harriet, in the aftermath of the Uprising of 1857. The Taj Mahal was built by the Emperor Shah Jahan for his favourite wife Arjumand Banu Begum upon her death in 1631. Constructed of India’s finest marble, quarried at Makrana near Jodhpur, it took 12 years to build involving 20,000 craftsmen from all over Asia. The pietra-dura was done with thousands of precious and semi-precious stones imported from distant lands. Following but altering the charbagh concept the tomb is placed at the end of the garden rather than the middle. The domed white marble mausoleum stands on a plinth with tapering minarets on each corner. Its perfect proportions and exquisite craftsmanship have made the Taj Mahal one of the wonders of the world.