The Kootub [Delhi]. 5311
Photographer: Tytler, Robert and Harriet
Medium: Photographic print
Part of a portfolio of photographs taken in 1858 by Major Robert Christopher Tytler and his wife, Harriet, in the aftermath of the Uprising of 1857. The Qutb Minar complex was initiated by Qutb-ud-din Aibak in the Twelfth Century to lay the foundations of the Delhi Sultanate. He built the Qutb Minar and the Quwwat-ul-Islam mosque to celebrate the onset of the Islam in India. The Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque, or ‘The Might of Islam’ (1193-1197), is the earliest surviving mosque in India. The mosque displays a blending of Hindu and Islamic styles. Hindu motifs, tasselled ropes, bells, tendrils, cows and leaves can seen on the pillars which were taken from razed temples. Later screen work and other extensions added by Iltutumish (r. 1211-36) in 1230, are fundamentally Islamic in design such as the diapered arabesque patterns and Quranic inscriptions.