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The Jumma Musjid, Delhi, right.

The Jumma Musjid, Delhi, right.

Photographer: Tytler, Robert and Harriet

Medium: Photographic print

Date: 1858

Shelfmark: Photo 53/(23)

Item number: 5323

Genre: Photograph

Part of a portfolio of photographs taken in 1858 by Major Robert Christopher Tytler and his wife, Harriet, in the aftermath of the Uprising of 1857. The Jami Masjid (1644-58), was built by Shah Jahan. The largest mosque in India its courtyard measures 300 ft. It stands on a natural outcrop of rock which dominates the city and took 5,000 workmen six years to build. It functions as a congregational, Friday (Jami) mosque. The mosque is on the western edge of the courtyard and steep flights of stairs lead to the three huge gateways on the other sides. The fa├žade screen of the mosque is faced in red sandstone with extensive white marble trim. It contains eleven arches, the central one being an extremely large iwan. A tall minaret stands at each end of the screen. Three bulbous white domes cover the mosque, each decorated with thin vertical black stripes. A water tank at the centre of the courtyard allows members of the congregation to wash before prayers. The style of the mosque influenced subsequent Mughal mosques.

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