The Summum Boorj, [in the fort, Agra]
Photographer: Murray, John
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the Samman Burj in the Fort-Palace in Agra, from the Murray Collection: 'Photographic views in Agra and its vicinity', taken by John Murray in the mid-1850s. The complex stands on the banks of the Yamuna and was built by the Emperor Akbar between 1565 and 1573. Built principally as a military establishment on the site of an earlier walled complex, the fort is considered the predecessor of the Delhi Red Fort. The massive walls of the fort, built of red sandstone, are 20m high and 2.5km long with curved bastions at intervals. Emperor Shah Jahan (r.1628-58) was responsible for the Mughal buildings within the fort. The Samman Burj (Jasmine Tower) is a two-storey pavilion topped by an octagonal domed cupola, which stands on one of the largest circular bastions. The top of the tower provides a panoramic view of the river with the Taj Mahal in the distance.