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This about the oldest tomb [in Surat]. The inscription has been obliterated by age

This about the oldest tomb [in Surat]. The inscription has been obliterated by age

Photographer: Unknown

Medium: Photographic print

Date: 1925

Shelfmark: Photo 201/(34)

Item number: 20134

Genre: Photograph

Photograph of what is said to be the oldest tomb in Surat in Gujarat, taken by an unknown photographer in the 1920s. Surat was the site of English, Dutch, Portuguese and French settlements that arrived with the foundation of Dutch and English factories in the sixteenth century. The city, located on the sub-continent's western coast, was a key point on overland trade routes between Golconda in the Deccan, and Agra, Delhi and Lahore to the north. Maritime traders from the Konkan and Malabar coasts further stopped at Surat's port, whilst trade from further afield with Europe, Arabia, the Persian Gulf, Ceylon and Sumatra flourished. Silk and cotton were the chief articles for export. The winter months were the busiest time of year when Surat was swamped by an influx of foreign and Indian traders. The city suffered from a loss of trade from 1668 when Bombay was ceded to the East India Company by the Portuguese as part of Catherine of Braganza's dowry on her marriage to Charles II.

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