Photograph of the Peshwa's Palace in Pune (Poona), Maharashtra, by an unknown photographer, from an album of 40 prints taken in the 1860s. In the centre of the old city of Pune, the imposing walls of the Shaniwarwada palace is all that is left of the royal residence of the Peshwas. The palace, founded by Peshwa Baji Rao I in the 1730s, was burnt down in unclear circumstances in 1827. Pune was the capital of the powerful state of the Marathas from the 16th century. The Brahmin Peshwas were the Prime Ministers of the Maratha rulers but the post was hereditary and power passed to the Peshwa family who controlled Pune from the 18th century until the arrival of the British. The view looks towards the entrance gatehouse and outer walls of the palace, with a vegetable market on the open space in the foreground.