The Mausoleum of Akbar, from the enclosure, Secundra. .
Photographer: Impey, Eugene Clutterbuck
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph from an album of 80 albumen prints taken by Eugene Clutterbuck Impey, showing the mausoleum of the Mughal Emperor Akbar at Sikandra, from within its enclosure. Akbar, one of the greatest rulers of India, was born in 1542 and succeeded his father Humayun in 1556 at a very young age after the latter's precipitate death. An attractive figure, Akbar proved to be an energetic and innovative ruler who succeeded in being a significant unifying force in India. His syncretism was reflected in the architecture which developed during his reign and is revealed in the style of his tomb which blends Persian and Hindu elements. It is known that Akbar selected Sikandra as the site for a garden which was named Bihishtabad or Paradise Abode and when he died in 1605 he was buried here. Scholars debate his contribution to the building which is his mausoleum; his son Jahangir completed it by 1614. It is set in a vast square garden of the char-bagh (four-plot) plan, divided into quarters by red sandstone causeways containing water channels, interspersed with fountains and ponds.