Two sculpture 'chapels' or niches, one representing Buddha meeting an ascetic (Gaya-Kashyapa?), from Jamal-Garhi. 1003991
Photographer: Craddock, James
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of two sculpture 'chapels' or niches from Jamal-Garhi taken by James Craddock in the 1880s. One of the niches represents Buddha meeting an ascetic possibly called Gaya-Kashyapa. According to Bloch, 'Sculptures of this class used to be called 'caitya-windows'. Their structural position was round the dome of a stupa, which used to have either one or four of such chapels." A note accompanying these photographs reads, 'The plates entered here also include photographs taken from sculptures coming from Takht-i-Bahl and Shahr-i-Buhlul. No separate arrangement was possible. Nearly all the sculptures coming from these places are now in the Indian Museum, Calcutta."
Jamal-Garhi was a Buddhist monastery located in the Peshawar district of northern Pakistan. From the first until the fifth century AD, Buddhism flourished in the Peshawar district which was known as Gandhara at that time. The city of Peshawar was the winter capital of a large empire and the monasteries in the area around the city attracted Buddhists from all over South Asia. The area was also home to a large number of skilled craftsmen who produced high quality sculptures in what can be broadly termed the Gandharan style. This style developed in the region of Peshawar from the first century onwards and bears affinities with Graeco-Roman sculpture. In this photograph the draped clothes and naturalistic modelling of the body betray this influence.