Three Buddhist sculpture slabs from the Swat Valley
Photographer: Caddy, Alexander E.
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of three Buddhist sculpture slabs taken by Alexander .E Caddy in 1896. Each of the three slabs depicts a different scene, that on the left shows Buddha meeting an ascetic, the slab on the lower right depicts the bathing of the new-born-Buddha and the scene on the upper right is unidentified. The ancient kingdoms of Udyana (Swat) and Gandhara (Peshawar) were ruled byu the Kushans from the first century BC and corresponded fairly closely with the northern part of the North West Frontier Province. The sculpture of the area, referred to as Gandharan, was influenced by Graeco-Roman elements. This influence is shown on this slab, in the draped clothing the figures wear, and in the naturalistic modelling of their bodies. In 1895 Surgeon-Major L.A.Waddell went to the Swat valley to undertake archaeological research and met with, Major Deane, the Chief Political Officer. Deane was a well-known archaeologist, who, Waddell tells us, had, "for many years has been zealously and most successfully exploring the Buddhist remains of Peshawar and its frontier countries." The sculptures photographed here are said to have remained in his possession although he handed over the majority of his finds to Waddell.