Tirthankara image in the Vallabhai Temple, Satrunjaya
Photographer: Cousens, Henry
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of a Tirthankara image in the Vallabhai Temple at Satrunjaya, from the Archaeological Survey of India Collections taken by Henry Cousens in the 1880s-90s. Satrunjaya is an ancient Jain place of pilgrimage as it is believed that Pundarika, the main disciple of the first Jain Tirthankara Adinatha, obtained enlightenment here. On the two summits of the hill, which rise 600 metres above the plain around the town of Palitana, there are many hundreds of multi-spired temples where every day pilgrims come to pay reverence to the different Jain saints. The sanctuaries are grouped in fortified enclosures or tuks, named after their founders. The Vallabhai Temple (19th century) has a sanctuary covered by a tall clustered spire.