The second defile on the Irrawaddy River
Photographer: Klier, Philip Adolphe (c.1845-1911)
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the Second Defile on the Irrawaddy River, Burma (Myanmar), taken by Philip Adolphe Klier in the 1890s. The Irrawaddy (Ayeyarwady) is Burma’s great river and flows south from its source in the mountainous north of the country through a series of defiles or narrow gorges. The Second Defile is south of Bhamo at Sinkan, in Burma’s most northerly state of Kachin. It is shorter and not so constricted as the river’s other defiles, with its narrowest stretch over 100 metres wide. This view shows the imposing scenery of cliffs and forested hills rising from the riverbank, and the relatively calm current. The photograph is from an album devoted almost entirely to Lord Elgin’s Burma tour of November to December 1898. Victor Alexander Bruce (1849-1917), ninth Earl of Elgin and 13th Earl of Kincardine, served as Viceroy of India between 1894 and 1899.