The Residency, Cape Comorin [Kanniyakumari].
Medium: Photographic print
View of the British Residency at Cape Comorin (Kanniyakumari), the southernmost extremity of India, taken by an unknown photographer in the early 1900s. The photograph is from an album containing views of various locations in India, formerly in the collection of Horatio Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum and Broome, (1850-1916), who was Commander in Chief of India between 1902 and 1909.
Kannyakumari is significant as the meeting point of the Bay of Bengal, the Indian Ocean and the Arabian Sea. The sun and moon can be viewed on the same horizon here in April Chaitra Purnima, full moon day. Historically the southern tip of India has been an important trading centre governed by several ruling dynasties-Pandyas, Cholas, Vijayanagar, Nayakas. By the mid 18th century the British, French, Danes and Dutch were vying for control of the lucrative spice trade here. At end of the 18th century, under British control most of south India was integrated into the region called the Madras Presidency.