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Taj from the gardens [Agra].

Taj from the gardens [Agra].

Photographer: Unknown

Medium: Photographic print

Date: 1880

Shelfmark: Photo 50/2(20)

Item number: 50220

Genre: Photograph

Photograph of the Taj Mahal viewed from the gardens, Agra, taken by an unknown photographer in the 1880s, part of the Bellew Collection of Architectural Views. The Taj Mahal was built on the banks of the river Yamuna in Agra by the Emperor Shah Jahan (ruled 1628-58) as a tomb for his favourite wife Arjumand Banu Begum. Constructed over a period of 12 years and involving the work of many thousands of skilled artisans, the Taj is the culmination of the evolution of Mughal architecture.

The walled mausoleum complex comprises a raised terrace at one end on which are the main structures, and a lower char-bagh (four-plot) garden. The gardens have a large central pool with four water-channels dividing the garden into quadrants. Along the main water-channel leading to the front of the tomb are water jets, while the sides are lined with cypress trees, signifying death.

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