Taj [from the garden], Agra.
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the Taj Mahal, part of the 'Crofton Collection: Topographical and architectural views mostly in India', taken by an unknown photographer in the 1860s. The Taj Mahal was built between 1631 and 1643 by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan (r.1628-58) as a mausoleum for his beloved wife Arjumand Banu Begum, who was also known by the title Mumtaz Mahal. Built of white marble inlaid with precious stones, the mausoleum is square in plan and surmounted by a bulbous dome. It stands on a plinth with a minaret at each of the four corners, sited at the northern end of enclosed formal gardens of the Persian ‘char bagh’ form where a square garden is divided equally into four smaller quadrants. This is a view of the mausoleum from the garden.