Photograph by James Craddock taken in the 1870s, part of the Dunlop Smith Collection: Sir Charles Aitchison Album of Views in India and Burma. Snow scene on the Mall, the main thoroughfare in Simla, a popular place for walks, drives and meetings on summer evenings from 4pm to 7pm when the British 'took the air'. The central area of the Mall contained shops, a bank and the General Post Office. The hill station of Simla was developed as a summer retreat for the British and was known as the 'English Convalescent Station' as its salubrious climate was conducive to good general health and the Military Sanatoria of Kasauli, Sanawar and Sabathu were also nearby. Gorton Castle was one of the houses near the Mall available for rent during the summer season. Simla became the summer capital of British India when the Governor-General began to take his council with him to the hills to escape the intense heat of Calcutta 1300 miles away. Today it is the capital of the state of Himachal Pradesh.