Tatta, Karachi District, Sindh. Jam Nizam-Ud-Din's Tomb - carved work upon
Photographer: Cousens, Henry
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of Jam Nizam-ud-Din's Tomb at Thatta in the Karachi District of Sind in Pakistan, taken by Henry Cousens, from the Archaeological Survey of India Collections: Western India 1894-96. Jam Nizam ud-Din (r.1461-1509) was a ruler of the Samma dynasty of southern Sind with Thatta as his capital. His tomb is in the necropolis on Makli Hill. It is square in plan but the dome was never constructed, work stopped when the walls reached the springing line. On the exterior of the building there are twelve bands of decoration running around the building from top to bottom comprising diamonds, lotuses, Quranic inscriptions and geometric patterns. There are two unusual features: the mihrab in the interior and the corresponding balcony on the exterior. This type of balcony recalls those in Gujarat therefore it is possible that craftsmen from Gujarat were responsible for this tomb. This is a close view of a section of the wall, showing the richly carved balcony and the bands of decorative carving along the wall (reproduced in 'The Antiquities of Sind' by Cousens of 1929, plate XXXIII).