Tatta, Karachi District, Sindh. Isa Khan's Tomb, general view from inside, south-west corner
Photographer: Cousens, Henry
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of Isa Khan's Tomb at Thatta in the Karachi District of Sind in Pakistan, taken by Henry Cousens in 1896, from the Archaeological Survey of India Collections: Western India 1894-96. Nawab Isa Khan Tarkhan (d.1644) was a ruler of Sind who served as governor for the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan (r.1628-58). The Nawab died in 1644, aged 92 years old, and was buried in this tomb that he had built himself. The tomb is part of a necropolis which lies on the plateau of the Makli hills, a limestone outcrop to the west of Thatta. It is the most imposing structure on the hill and is designed in the tradition of Islamic funerary architecture. This elaborate tomb is built of buff-coloured Jandoti stone and stands in a courtyard surrounded by a high stone wall. The tomb is square in plan with two stories and large central dome. It is surrounded on all four sides with an open verandah on both storeys. All the pillars have four-sided shafts covered in a multiple scrolls design. There are ten graves in the centre of the building, each carved with inscriptions accompanied by floral and geometrical patterns.