Tatta, Karachi District, Sindh. Mirza Jani Beg's Tomb, main entrance with inscription
Photographer: Cousens, Henry
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the main entrance to Mirza Jani Beg's Tomb, at Thatta in the Karachi District of Sind, in Pakistan, taken by Henry Cousens, from the Archaeological Survey of India Collections: Western India 1894-96. The mausoleum of Mirza Jani Beg (d.1601), was ruler of Sind until he surrendered to the Mughal Emperor Akbar (r.1556-1605) in 1591. This tomb is octagonal in plan and built of brick. The exterior is embellished with alternate courses of glazed dark-blue and unglazed red bricks as well as carved geometric tracery. On the west side there is a carved stone mihrab. The interior of the building is decorated with enamelled tiles. Each doorway, including the entrance doorway on the south side of the building in this view, has a panel containing an Arabic inscription in white enamel against dark blue tiles. The door-frame and the arched area above the doorway are decorated with geometric tracery stone patterns, the latter is perforated. Henry Cousens wrote in 'The Antiquities of Sind' of 1929: "the rank or mausoleum of Mirza Jani Beg bin Paindah Beg...is faced with a very superior kind of brickwork, with imitation joints, or "pointing" of sunk strips of white enamel along the edges of each brick. The real joints are so fine, and the courses are so closely cemented together, that a knife blade can hardly be inserted between the bricks...Around the basement was a deep dado of enamelled tiles, but these have disappeared."