Tower of Victory, Chittore Fort
Photographer: Deen Dayal, Lala (1844-1905)
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the Jaya Stambh or Tower of Victory at Chittorgarh in Rajasthan, taken by Raja Deen Dayal & Sons in the 1880s, from the Curzon Collection: 'Views of places proposed to be visited by Their Excellencies Lord & Lady Curzon during Autumn Tour 1902' . This the taller of two towers which measures approximately 37.2 m (122 ft). It is situated in the impressive hill-top fortress of Chittorgarh, which was ruled by the Guhilot (later Sisodia) Rajputs from the eighth century until the 16th century. The tower was erected in 1448 by Rana Kumbha (r.1433-68) to commemorate his victory over Mahmud Shah I Khalji, the Sultan of Malwa, in 1440. The walls are decorated with carved images of Hindu deities. It has nine storeys articulated by mouldings, openings, balconies and an interior staircase; the dome at the summit is a modern addition. After the fort was sacked in 1567, by the Mughal Emperor Akbar, Udaipur was chosen as the new capital of the Mewar state and Chittorgarh was abandoned.