Tower in the Central Jail [Vadodara]
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the central jail at Baroda, Gujarat from the Curzon Collection, taken by an unknown photographer during the 1890s. Opened in 1881, its design was a version of the panopticon system proposed for the creation of safe and humane prisons by the English philosopher Jeremy Bentham in 1791: cell blocks are arranged in radial lines with a surveillance tower at the centre from which prisoners could be observed. The jail held about 600 prisoners and had dormitories, workshops, a hospital, and dye house.