The Palace, [Dhar]
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the Palace at Dhar, Madhya Pradesh, taken by an unknown photographer in c.1902. Dhar in the Malwa region of central India was once the capital of the Hindu Paramara dynasty, known for their patronage of literature, from the 9th to the 13th century. It was conquered by the Delhi Sultanate in the 14th century and then became part of the independent province of the Sultans of Malwa before passing to the Mughals in the 16th century. Mughal power declined with the ascent of the powerful Marathas of the Deccan. In the 1740s the Peshwa (leader of the Marathas) deputed his authority in Malwa to three of his chieftains, with the Scindhias receiving Gwalior, the Holkars getting Indore and Dhar being bestowed to the Puars (Punwars) who claimed descent from the ancient Paramara dynasty. The Punwars held sway in Dhar till 1948. The Jhira Bagh palace in Dhar was built by Maharaja Anand Rao Punwar III in the 1860s. The palace was one of the principal modern buildings in Dhar and was the grand guest-house and later residence of the Punwar family. In the 20th century, it was renovated with Art Deco features added. This is a view of the façade with an arched entrance.