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The general view of the Central Jail from the top gate [Junagadh]

The general view of the Central Jail from the top gate [Junagadh]

Photographer: Solankee Studio

Medium: Photographic print

Date: 1900

Shelfmark: Photo 430/38(9)

Item number: 430389

Genre: Photograph

Photograph from the Curzon Collection: 'Presented with feelings of friendship and sincere admiration to Lord Curzon of Kedleston, Viceroy and Governor-General of India, by H.H. Rasulkhanji, Navab Junagadha. 1900', of the Central Jail at Junagadh, Gujarat, taken by the Solankee Studio, Rajkot, in c.1900. The design of the jail is a version of the panopticon system proposed for the creation of safe and humane prisons in 1791 by the English philosopher Jeremy Bentham. Cells are arranged in concentric rings around a surveillance tower at the centre from which prisoners could be observed. In late 19th-century India this was considered a modern form of construction and was used for new prisons in Gujarat and other states.

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