The Jumma Musjid [Jama Masjid], Delhi
Photographer: Lawrie and Company, G.W.
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the Jami Masjid in Delhi from the Macnabb Collection, taken by G.W. Lawrie and Company, in the 1890s. The Jami Masjid was built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan (r 1628-58) in Shahjahanabad, which he founded in 1639. At the time of construction it was the largest mosque in India and was the city’s principal congregational mosque for Friday prayers. Situated on an outcrop of rock, the prayer hall or sanctuary stands in a vast arcaded courtyard set on a plinth reached by flights of steps. The sanctuary has a main façade consisting of five arches on either side of a massive central iwan, three bulbous domes and two minarets set at each end of the building. Built in red sandstone the mosque has beautiful white and black marble decoration including vertical white inlaid stripes on the minarets and vertical black inlaid stripes on the white domes. This photograph is a general view of the exterior of the mosque from the north-west corner showing the square arcaded façade and entrance portal reached by a flight of steps.