The Chutter Munzil or U.S. Club, Lucknow
Photographer: Lawrie and Company, G.W.
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the Chattar Manzil at Lucknow in Uttar Pradesh, India, from the Macnabb Collection, taken by G.W. Lawrie and Company in the 1890s. Lucknow is renowned for its architectural heritage including mosques, tombs and a series of palaces mostly built during the rule of the Nawabs of Avadh (Oudh) between the 18th and 19th centuries when Lucknow was the Nawabi capital. The Chattar Manzil or Umbrella Palaces were built between 1814-1837 and stand on the banks of the River Gumti. The palaces were named after the chattris (umbrella-shaped domes) atop the octagonal pavilions which crown the buildings, hence the names of Bari (greater) Chattar Manzil and Choti (lesser) Chattar Manzil. They were built in the Indo-European style that combines Mughal and European elements, a result of the western architectural influence brought to Lucknow by Europeans. The Imperial Gazetteer of India records that “Ghazi-ud-din Haidar (1814) son of Saadat Ali Khan, was the first of his line who bore the title of king. He built for his wives the two palaces called the Great and Lesser Chhattar Manzil (‘umbrella’ or ‘dome palace’), and also erected fine mausoleums to his father and mother, and the Shah Najaf, in which he himself was buried.” This photograph shows the two palaces in a picturesque view from the far side of the river, with a boat in the foreground. Only the larger building remains today and is used as government offices.