Tomb of Haidar Ali and Tipu Sultan, Shrirangapattana [Seringapatam].
Photographer: Dixon, Henry
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the Tomb in Seringapatam, Karnataka, from the Archaeological Survey of India Collections: India Office Series (volume 23: 'a' numbers), taken by Henry Dixon in the 1860s. Seringapatam, a small town near Mysore, is an island fortress surrounded by the Kaveri River that was ruled by Haidar Ali from 1761 to 1782 and then by his son Tipu Sultan until his death in 1799. The mausoleum depicted in this photograph contains the remains of the two rulers as well Haidar Ali's consort, Fakhr-un-Nissa Seydani Begum, Tipu Sultan's mother. Haidar Ali faced continued opposition from the British and numerous wars were fought for the control of southern India. In 1782 Haidar Ali died but the military campaign against the British was continued by his son. On 4 May 1799 the British stormed the Raja’s island fortress at Seringapatam and Tipu Sultan was killed. Around the main tomb are cloisters containing the remains of relatives and friends of the dynasty.