Umaid Bhawan, [Kota] 4304032
Photographer: Herzog and Higgins
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph from the Curzon Collection: 'Visit of His Excellency the Viceroy. Kotah, November, 1902' of the Umaid Bhawan or New Palace at Kota in Rajasthan, taken by P.A. Herzog and P. Higgins in 1902. The palace was built for Maharaja Umed Singh II (ruled 1889-1940) as a modern alternative to the 17th-century fortified City Palace. It was designed by Samuel Swinton Jacob (1841-1917) in the so-called "Indo-Saracenic" style. He was a leading exponent of this Orientalist style, which fused European and Indo-Islamic architectural forms with an emphasis on arches and domes. The overall composition of the palace is European in conception but the exterior is embellished with Rajput and Mughal details such as the minaret towers, chattri domes and cusped arches of the porticoes. Jacob was chief engineer of Jaipur State and subsequently adviser to the Maharajah of Jaipur from 1867 until 1911. His fascination with the details of Rajput architecture resulted in his 'Jeypore Portfolio of Architectural Details' (1890).