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Viswanath Temple in Khajraho

Viswanath Temple in Khajraho

Photographer: Dayal, Deen

Medium: Photographic print

Date: 1882

Shelfmark: Photo 2/4(33)

Item number: 33

Length: 21.4

Width: 26.8

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Photograph

Photograph of the Vishvanatha Temple at Khajuraho in Madhya Pradesh, taken by Deen Dayal in 1882, from the Lee-Warner Collection: 'Scenes and Sculptures of Central India, Photographed by Lala Deen Diyal, Indore.' Khajuraho was the capital of the Chandela dynasty who ascended to power in the 10th -11th centuries in Central India. They were great builders and adorned the site with many tanks and Hindu and Jain temples. These temples represent the culmination of the Nagara or North Indian style for their complex schemes as well as the splendid sculptures that cover them which are among the masterpieces of Indian art. The Vishvanatha Temple was built by king Dhangadeva of the Chandela dynasty in 1002 as indicated by an inscribed slab found in the temple. The temple is raised on a terrace decorated with friezes and consists of a sanctuary (garbha griha) surrounded by a passageway, a dance or meeting hall (mandapa), a vestibule (ardha-mandapa) and smaller projecting porches. The mandapa and the vestibule have pyramidal roofs while the sanctuary is covered by a tower with projections and miniature tower-like elements. The outer walls are adorned by three rows of sculptures depicting amorous scenes. The temple used to be surrounded by four smaller shrines but only two are still standing.

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