Vernag, Cashmere. Source of Jhelum.
Photographer: Bourne, Samuel
Medium: Photographic print
This photograph was taken by Samuel Bourne in the 1860s for an album entitled 'Photographs of India and Overland Route'. It shows buidings at Verinag, which lies at the foot of the Pirpanjal range of the Himalaya, in the modern-day state of Jammu and Kashmir. Believed to be the chief source of the Jhelum River, the spring at Verinag is one of the largest naturally occuring examples in India. A circular wall originally enclosed the spring, which has a circumference of 80 metres, however the Emperor Jahangir had the shape changed to the traditional Mughal octagonal in 1620.