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View from the south of the Jambu Gumpha, Khandgiri Hill

View from the south of the Jambu Gumpha, Khandgiri Hill

Photographer: Cornish, William Henry

Medium: Photographic print

Date: 1892

Shelfmark: Photo 1003/(406)

Item number: 1003406

Genre: Photograph

Photograph of the Jambu Gumpha, Khandgiri Hill, taken by William Henry Cornish around 1892, from the Archaeological Survey of India Collections. In the twin hills of Khandgiri (or Khandagiri) and Udayagiri, near Bhubaneshwar in Orissa, is a series of Jain cave temples called 'gumpha' locally. Most of them were excavated in the period of the Chedi kings in the1st century BC. The Jambesvara Gumpha (House of the Lord of Bears) is situated on the Udayagiri Hill, a few yards to the north-west of the Tiger Cave. In the 'List of Ancient Monuments protected under Act VII of 1904 in the province of Bihar and Orissa' of 1931, Kuraishi writes: 'The Jambesvara cave consists of a single cell...with two plain doorways facing south, and a benched verandah in front ...supported on one pillar between the end pilaters.'

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