View from the south-east of the Chaturbhuj Temple, Orchha. 10031513
Photographer: Smith, Edmund William
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the Chaturbhuj Temple in Orchha, Madhya Pradesh, from the Archaeological Survey of India Collections, taken by Edmund William Smith in the 1880s. The area around Orchha was founded as a Rajput kingdom in the 10th century. In the 16th century the area was once again formed into a Rajput kingdom when the Bundela chief Rudra Pratap (r.1501-31) founded Orchha as the capital of the Bundela dynasty in 1501. The citadel is situated on an island in the Betwa river containing three palaces: the Ramji Mandir, the Raj Mandir and the Jahangir Mandir. The Chaturbhuj Temple is an imposing temple with high pinnacles erected by Raja Bir Singh Deo (r.1605-27) and dedicated to Krishna. It faces east and is situated on an axis with the Ram Mandir; this is a view from the south-east. The building displays a blend of religious and secular styles taken from temple and fort architecture.