View looking towards the Northern Ridge from the Adishvara Bhagarai Temple, and showing the Vallabhai Tuk and the Chaumukh Temple, Satrunjaya
Photographer: Cousens, Henry
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the northern Ridge, showing the Vallabhai Tuk and the Chaumukh Temple, Satrunjaya taken by Henry Cousens in the 1880s or 1890s. Satrunjaya is located in Gujarat. It has been a place of Jain pilgrimage since the first Jain Tirthankara, Pundarika obtained enlightenment. On the two summits of the hill, which rise 600 metres above the plain around the town of Palitana, there are many hundreds of multi-spired temples where pilgrims come to pay reverence to a variety of Jain saints every day. The sanctuaries are grouped in fortified enclosures or tuks, named after their founders and are not earlier than the 16th Century as many were destroyed during the 14th-15th Centuries by the Muslims. In this view the tuk containing the Vallabhai Temple is in the foreground; the Chaumukh (or Adinatha) Temple dominates the skyline with its tall shikara or tower in the background, right of centre.