View from the tank of the hill with rock-cut Asoka inscriptions, Jaugada, Ganjam District
Photographer: Caddy, Alexander E.
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the hill with the rock-cut Asoka inscriptions at Jaugada, Ganjam District, taken by Alexander Caddy in 1895. Ashoka (reign ca. 272-231 BC) was the most illustrious king of the Maurya dynasty. After his conquest of the kingdom of Kalinga in modern day Orissa, struck with remorse at the suffering he caused, Ashoka converted to Buddhism and spent the rest of his life propagating his dharma (law). In order to achieve this, he had numerous edicts inscribed on rocks, pillars and caves, throughout his vast empire. These are written in various vernaculars and represent the earliest written document from the Indic regions. From these edicts it would appear clear that Ashoka was an extremely tolerant and benevolent monarch. This is distant view of the hill, with the tank in the foreground containing a small shrine in the centre. The Jaugada inscriptions are engraved on the face of a rock, seen in the backgrounf of this photograph, rising up vertically and facing south east.