View of the lower part of the south façade of the main tower of the Brihadishvara Temple, Thanjavur 10032440
Photographer: Rea, Alexander
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the Brihadishvara Temple complex at Thanjavur from the Archaeological Survey of India Collections taken by Alexander Rea in c. 1892. Thanjavur was established and used by the Chola rulers in the 9th-12th centuries; it later became a Nayaka stronghold in the 16th-17th centuries and was also used by the Marathas in the 18th century. The Brihadishvara Temple was built in the 9th century and is one of the great achievements of the Chola era. This monumental temple stands in the middle of a large rectangular courtyard surrounded by smaller shrines. Its steeply pyramidal tower stands at about 66 m and consists of 13 storeys, each with pilastered walls covered with carved figures of divinities. This view is of the south façade of the main tower at the temple. As can be seen, the outer walls have niches with sculptured panels depicting various aspects of Shiva.