View of the valley, showing ruined site, Chini Tangai, Peshawar District
Photographer: Caddy, Alexander E.
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of Chini Tangai showing a general view of the valley, taken by Alexander Caddy in the 1880s. Chini Tangai is situated in the Peshawar district of the North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan. Throughout its history, Peshawar district has been located near to a frontier and at present it is situated close to the Afghan border. The hills shown in this photograph are typical of the area and are relatively small in size; to the west and north lie large mountains that can only be penetrated through a small number of passes. The most famous of these is the Khyber pass, a route that various armies have taken on their way to invade South Asia. Because of its topographic location, Peshawar district played an important role in South Asian history from the early historic period through to the present day. Under Kanishka in the first century AD, the city of Peshawar became the winter capital of the Kushan empire and the district as a whole has large numbers of Buddhist sites dating to this period. Archaeological and historical sources also attest to the importance of the area to a variety of groups including the Sassanians, the Ghaznavids and the Mughals.