Village buffalo cart [Burma]
Photographer: Klier, Philip Adolphe (c.1845-1911)
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of a village cart drawn by a pair of buffaloes in Burma (Myanmar), taken by Philip Adolphe Klier in the 1890s. This view shows the driver posed standing up holding the reins and the cart filled with a mound of hay. Buffaloes were native to the country and were used for transport, in agriculture and in the timber industry. The cart has characteristic upswept, curved sides, a prow-like wooden section on which the yoke is supported, and solid wooden disc wheels, used because they performed well on muddy ground during the wet season. Although carts were a common mode of road transport, water transport on Burma’s rivers, creeks and coastline was the most important and widely used form of transport, followed in some states by the railways. The photograph is from an album devoted almost entirely to Lord Elgin’s Burma tour of November to December 1898. Victor Alexander Bruce (1849-1917), ninth Earl of Elgin and 13th Earl of Kincardine, served as Viceroy of India between 1894 and 1899.