View from South-West angle of [Shwe Dagon] Pagoda looking towards entrance, [Rangoon].
Photographer: Bourne and Shepherd
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the southern entrance to the Shwe Dagon Paya in Rangoon (Yangon) in Burma (Myanmar), taken by Bourne and Shepherd in the 1870s and part of the Gladstone Collection. The gilded stupa or zedi of the Shwe Dagon Pagoda can be seen from all over Rangoon from its position atop Singuttara Hill. According to traditional history, the Shwe Dagon, the most revered of all the Buddhist monuments of Burma, was founded in the 6th century BC in the lifetime of the Buddha as a reliquary to enshrine eight hairs from his head brought back from India by two merchant brothers, Tapissa and Balika. There are four covered walkways up Singuttara Hill to the platform on which the pagoda stands. The southern entrance is considered the main entrance. The photograph shows some of the smaller stupas, planetary shrines, statues, images and tazaungs (pavilions) which are clustered on the platform. The pavilion in the centre displays the muti-tiered Burmese roof called the pyat-that, and at the left is the large guardian figure of a lion with a man's face, called a manuthiha, four of which guard the corners of the main stupa..