View of the ghats at Benares with Aurangzeb's mosque in the background.
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of Varanasi (Benares), part of the Crofton Collection: Topographical and architectural views mostly in India', taken by an unknown photographer in the 1860s. Varanasi is on the river Ganges and is considered to be one of the seven sacred cities of Hindus. The city is situated on the Ganges River at a place where it bends to the north, considered to be an auspicious direction. The waterfront of the city is lined with over 100 ghats with long flights of stone steps where residents and pilgrims come to perform their ablutions and worship in the temples. Panchaganga Ghat was originally constructed at the location of Bindu Madhava, a Vishnu Temple which later was replaced with the Aurangzeb Mosque. This photograph is a view of the Ganges River bank with Aurangzeb's mosque rising above.